Varicose veins - symptoms and treatment
Varicose veins are bulging, blue cords that run beneath the skin's surface. Legs and feet are usually affected by varicose veins. They typically are innocuous, even though they can be unpleasant and disfiguring. They become irritating to the touch when inflamed and can obstruct circulation, resulting in swollen ankles, itchy skin, and soreness in the afflicted limb.
Your legs have an interior or deep venous network in addition to a surface network of veins. An inner leg vein might develop varicose in rare circumstances. Although deep varicose veins are rarely apparent, they can cause swelling and pain in the legs.
Why are varicose veins painful?
It is usual to have discomfort around the afflicted areas when you have varicose veins. Veins that are weak and diseased are prone to pain. Because varicose veins are strained and bulging, the valves enable blood to flow backward, causing more damage to the vein.
Blood is more likely to pool around the injured vein. To pump blood against gravity towards the heart, varicose veins must work extremely hard to overcome this damage. As the pressure builds up in the legs, this exertion is likely to cause discomfort.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Varicose veins can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on the severity of the condition:
- Legs that are painful and unpleasant are common complaints
- Swelling ankles and feet
- A searing sensation or a throbbing sensation
- Spasms in the muscles, especially at night
- The afflicted region has itching skin
- Discolouration of the skin, as well as heaviness or weariness in the legs
Prevention and treatment for varicose veins
Although there is no evidence that people can prevent varicose veins from developing, they may undertake a variety of lifestyle adjustments that may help to alleviate symptoms and prevent varicose veins from deteriorating:
- Avoiding lengthy durations of standing or sitting
- When sitting, lying down, or sleeping, lift the afflicted region above the level of the heart
- Exercising daily to boost circulation
- If you're overweight, you should try to shed the weight
- Wearing tight-fitting clothing and high-heeled shoes for lengthy periods should be avoided
Proper diet, exercise and maintaining a good lifestyle is essential to prevent any type of disease.