Varicose Veins - Causes and Reasons
Varicose veins are twisted and swollen veins. Although varicose veins can occur everywhere on the body, they are most commonly found in the legs. Varicose veins aren't thought to be a major medical problem. However, they can be inconvenient and lead to more significant issues.
How do varicose veins occur?
One-way valves in our veins allow blood to flow only in one direction. The valves get weaker when the vein walls lose elasticity and become strained. A faulty valve permits blood to flow in the other direction, backward. Blood builds up in the veins, causing the vein to expand and bulge.
The most commonly impacted veins are those positioned farthest distance from the heart. Because gravity makes blood flow to the heart more complex, the veins in our legs are more likely to be impacted. Varicose veins can be caused by any situation that puts pressure on the abdomen, such as pregnancy.
What causes varicose veins?
The varicose veins can develop in anyone. Various factors determine the chances of occurrence of varicose veins. These are:
- Age: Vein walls and valves don't operate as well as they used to due to the ageing process. Veins become rigid and lose their suppleness.
- Sex: Female hormones might cause the vein walls to expand. Because of changes in hormone levels, those who are pregnant, on the birth control pill, or going through menopause have an increased risk of varicose veins.
- Genetics/Hereditary: This disease can be passed on down the generations (runs in families).
- Lifestyle: Long durations of standing or sitting reduce circulation. Blood flow can be reduced by wearing restricting clothes such as girdles or jeans with tight waistbands.
- Health conditions: The pressure in the veins is increased by some health disorders, such as acute constipation or certain malignancies.
- Tobacco use: Varicose veins are more common in those who consume tobacco products.
- Obesity: Blood arteries get clogged as a result of excess weight.
Varicose veins are visible and near to the surface of the skin. Bulging veins, heavy legs, itching, pain, swelling, and skin discolouration are all common signs of varicose veins. During a physical examination, healthcare experts can diagnose the disorder. Early diagnosis and detection can help you prevent the worsening of the condition and even halt its appearance altogether.